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As home school families we all have our strengths and weaknesses, some families are strong in history some in science others in math. This page is for you the families who have had a lesson plan that they feel would be of help or benefit to the rest of us. We all now and then get stuck on what would be a good science project or a fun way for learning history. In this page I hope that we could come together and share our knowledge with each other by submitting a lesson plan or other ideas that may be of interest.
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The Teachers Resource
The Educator's Reference Desk: Lesson Plans
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Activity helper Cross word puzzle, spelling, sight words, vowels helper, reading writing
Character Education - Free Resources, Materials, Lesson Plans
A Simulated Dino dig
Copper Plating a Nail
Free Unit Studies
Theme Units, Lesson Plans, Worksheets and Teacher Tools!
Phonics Bingo Game
Recorder Lesson Plan
Impressionism Paintings Collected A Resource Packet for Educators
Lesson Plans for Children's Books
Economics Lesson Plan
Convection Currents Experiment
Crushing Aluminum cans with air
Make a Cloud
Mummy Magic Mathematics Lesson Plans Working with Cuisenaire Rods Cuisenaire Rods Miquon Math Samples The Math Forum - Math Library - Lesson Plans/Activities Don's "Calculus By and For Young People - Worksheets age 7 and up Biology Lesson Plans Sponge
Bob Genetics The Science Spot: Biology Lessons Lots of information on this site Worm World Bin Basics
Earth science lessons Biology Lesson Plans Science Connection
- Lesson Plans For Kids Only - Earth Science Enterprise
Mathematics Lesson Plans
Working with Cuisenaire Rods
Miquon Math Samples
The Math Forum - Math Library - Lesson Plans/Activities
Don's "Calculus By and For Young People - Worksheets age 7 and up
Biology Lesson Plans
Sponge Bob Genetics
The Science Spot: Biology Lessons Lots of information on this site
Worm World Bin Basics
Earth science lessons
Biology Lesson Plans
Science Connection - Lesson Plans
For Kids Only - Earth Science Enterprise
Young's Demonstrative Translation of ScientificSecrets
Homebrew Lava Lamp
Project Crystal Radio
Chapter 3: Electrochemistry
Chapter 4: Radio
Electricity and Magnetism Lesson Plans
Preschool Lesson Plans and Preschool Themes
The Science Club: Kids' projects here
Nikola Tesla Page, Tesla Coils (Bill Beaty's Homepage)
How To Make Paper - Homemade Papermaking
Uncle Dan’s Algebra
Arithmetic to Algebra Worksheet (Useful for Introducing Algebra)
Polynomials Worksheets Simplifying Algebraic Fractions Polynomial Crossword Puzzles
Worm World: Bin Basics
The Lesson Plans Page - Over 2,000 FREE Lesson Plans!
How to Cut Quills for Calligraphy***
Lesson Tutor : Plans for every subject, any student and all abilities.
Lye Soap the Old Fashioned Way
Recipes for soap making and more
The Soap Making Home Page
How to Make a Clay Whistles
Basic Hand Writing for kids cursive
KODAK: How to Make and Use a Pinhole Camera
Engineering Toothpaste make tooth paste
Ancient Egypt Lesson Plans | Site Map
Journey to Japan: A Day in the Life of a Japanese Child
Fingerprinting: A Lesson on Classification
Make a water xylophone , music through the curriculum and other projects
Easy Science Experiment Projects with Steve Spangler Science
Lessons & Ideas for K'nex, Legos, Lego Mindstorms, & Capsela,
has step by step building instruction and more.
Tolkien's Middle-earth Lesson Plans - Course Overview
Maryland Science Center: Shows: Davis Planetarium: STARMAP
Freedom: A History of US. For Teachers. Teaching Guides by Webisodes |
Welcome to TOPScience Online
Young Engineers' Club: Science & Engineering Room - AIR Experiments
history lesson plans
Mr Donn's Ancient History Page
The Lesson Plan Library offers k, elementary, middle, high school lesson plans.
edHelper.com - Math, Reading Comprehension, Themes, Lesson Plans, Worksheets
Lesson plans and worksheets from learningpage.com
Lesson Plan Archive New Your Times learning Network
The archive contains hundreds of free lesson plans for grades 6-12.
ZOOM . kitchen chemistry home | PBS Kids
Rader's CHEM4KIDS.COM This site offers and introduction to the science of chemistry. It's not just for kids, it's for everyone.
Free Puzzle Collections Geometry numbers and logic puzzles
Moves Puzzles how many moves puzzle game
Galileo K-12 Activities Here you will find a new batch of activities for your students to try. These activities incorporate some of the Galileo resources found in these pages.
Imagine the Universe! Lesson Plans Wavelengths & frequencies in the E-M Spectrum. Determining the sizes of stars in eclipsing binary star systems. Using the binary number system. Probability of life elsewhere in the universe. Constructing and analyzing images from digital satellite data. Measuring periodic behavior. Multi-lesson unit on the origin of the elements and their identification in supernova remnants. Identifying elements using spectroscopy. Find out how far away and how powerful gamma-ray bursts truly are.
Illuminations Lessons : Getting to Know the Shapes 3-5 In this interactive geometry investigation students will explore geometric solids and their properties.
MathSURF k - 6
The Math Forum - Ask Dr. Math detailed instruction for math help on algebra geometry
Puffy The Puffer's Book of Fun Fish Facts Fisheries kids package
Fisheries kids package
Mathematics Archives - K12 Internet Sites
Math Forum - Ask Dr. Math Archives: High School Algebra Basic Algebra Equations/Graphs/Translations Linear Algebra Linear Equations Polynomials
Math Forum - Ask Dr. Math Archives: High School Basic Algebra
Solving simple linear equations. Positive/negative integer rules. Mixture problems.
Quadratic equations. Absolute value.
Completing the square.
Direct and indirect variation.
Inequalities and negative numbers.
Biology Lessons Lessons for teaching biology to prospective elementary school teachers will be posted at this site. These lessons were developed in a biology course. The lessons can readily be adapted by practicing teachers for use in elementary school classrooms. They require simple materials.
Computers & Maths Teaching These animated graphics were designed by some of my Year 12 students as part of their assessment. They used functions to draw the lines in the figures, a paint program to colour them inand demo software to do the animating. There is very little cost in providing students with the software to do this.
Lesson Plans Arizona Edu general Biology lesson plans
Welcome to GENE: Yeast Experiments high school
Science Teacher Lesson Plans list of science link to lessons plans
The University of Iowa College of Education presents lesson plans for grades k-12
Fun Mathematics Lessons that are fun fun fun by Cynthia Lanius
Science Lesson Plans and Resources This page provides links to lesson plans and resources for all grade levels and all science areas typically taught in K-12 schools. Many Links to other site that have a lot of lesson plans.
Hot Shot Business Get ready for an exhilarating and enlightening adventure! “Hot Shot Business” takes a fresh approach to showing teens (ages 9-12) what it means to be an entrepreneur. The first step is to enter the world of “Hot Shot Business,” an Internet simulation game. Through carefully constructed scenarios, students gain experience with the nuts and bolts of designing and operating their own business—a skateboard factory, a comic book shop, a pet spa, a landscaping service, and a candy factory. Students are not alone in their venture. Business-savvy animated hosts, Kate and Jack, offer advice at every turn. As in real life, the decisions a kid makes about his or her business has consequences that extend far beyond profits and losses. There are environmental factors to reckon with (e.g., conserving water while operating a landscaping company), as well as finding ways toprovide jobs for members of the community.
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A Simulated Dino dig
Here is a recipe:
1 cup plaster
1/2 cup vermiculite
1/2 cup clay soil mix (You could use clay cat litter)
3/4 cup water assorted plastic dinosaurs, rocks, shells or whatever other ideas you might have.
Mix up 1st 4 ingredients, layer a little onto a sheet of tin foil - add a dino. Layer some on top - add more dino dig items. Continue until mixture is gone. It
takes a couple hours to dry. We did this for a B-day party and put each "dig" in a cigar box (painted) that the kids decorated. Add some "dig tools" - cheap paint brush and clay sculpt tools. Have fun!
Submitted by Diane
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Copper Plating a Nail
Dig out those pennies you've been saving to copper plate nails
You need :
2 to 4 oz of lemon juice or vinegar (60- 125 ml)
10to 20 dull copper pennies
Large clean nails
small glass jar
What to do:
Put the pennies into the glass jar cover them with lemon juice or vinegar. Add a pinch of salt. Let them stand for 2 - or 3 minutes. Clean the Nails with a scouring powder and water rinse
Then Add the nail to the solution of lemon juice waite 15 minutes. Then fish out the nail.
The Nail is coated with copper.
Copper from the pennies interacts with the acid of the lemon juice to form a new compound (copper Citrate). When you first insert the nail into the solution, the compound plates the nail with a thin layer of copper that cannot be rubbed off.
Submitted by Amanda Redmond-Neal, Nat'l Atomic Museum Thanks
Simple Science Experiments With Everyday Materials by Muriel Mandel (1990 from Sterling Publishing Co. in New York)
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Phonics bingo Game
Make 2 copies for each bingo players paper below (cut and paste it to print) put a blended consonant sound into each of the squares cut one of the pieces out in to little square. make several different board square game pieces, draw a game piece out and say the sound out loud use a penny or token to mark the place if you have that sound who ever get 5 in a row wins say bingo a fun way to learn sound can be used with short and long vowels sound and even used for sight word such as ,is ,at, the , as, him, say ,cat, dog, big . Making sure you only say or read the sound or word as you play.
L. FAMILY BL, Cl, Fl, GL, PL, SL,
R. FAMILY BR, CR, DR, FR, GR, PR , TR, WR
S. FAMILY SC, SK, SM, SN, SP, ST, SW
3 LETTER BLENDED SCH, SCR, SHR, SPL, SPR, SQU , STR, THR
NO FAMILY DW, TW
FINAL CONSONANT BLENDS CT- ACT, FT -LIFT, LD- OLD,
LT-SALT, MP- JUMP, NC ( e)- SINCE, ND- AND, NK, -INK,
PT-KEPT, RD - HARD , RK- DARK , RT-ART, SK- RISK,
Game board piece cut and past to print cut 2 for each playing board
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E-Book Viewing Software is Copyright (C) 2000-2001, Answers 2000 Limited, and used under license.
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I used to teach
economics and came up with a brief sketch here of the topics I covered in a
1. comparative economic systems (free markets v. government involvement) - I
framed this using the questions What, How, and For Whom (do goods & services
get produced). You can teach opportunity cost, production possibility, etc.
in this section.
2. stocks, bonds, and markets - I generally did this lecture-style, but I
also took my students every year to the Mercantile Exchange in Chicago.
Surely someone in the homeschooling community should be able to get you onto
the trading floor at the NYSE. It's really fun, and they undoubtedly have
school group programs that you can arrange. Also, I took them to the trading
floor of a large bank (First Chicago) so that they could see how bankers
invested their money - and they heard a little 20 minute blurb from the
bank's economist about how hard it is to truly predict what's coming.
3. ethics in business - I have articles I'd be happy to share by snail mail.
It might be good to have a local business person come who does something as
simple as "matching donations" to charities or as complicated as allowing
employees to take time off to do service work/tutoring. And, of course, my
students always wanted to talk about stuff like why Nike charged so much for
a pair of tennis shoes.
4. price/supply/demand/profit - we did some "business creation" and talked
about how to set prices and what happens when the price is to high/too low,
etc. and how demand affects what you can charge for your goods/services. I
created a little chart for this and would be happy to share it.
5. the money supply and the Fed - there's an article on this in most major
newspapers every day. I also "lectured" to get the language in their heads.
I have some articles I could share as well.
6. banks/lending/borrowing - tour a bank. It's easy to set up. They'll talk
to the students about saving, spending, interest. The students will get to
see a bunch of money in a vault. The bank can also address stuff like social
security and retirement savings, if you want to cover this.
7. taxes - I actually had my students fill out an IRS tax form. In fact, I
think I always had a kid in my class who let us use their actual W-2 forms
from their job at Burger King or somewhere. I have some practice/model W-2s
as well. Also, you can get pie charts from many organizations about how the
tax income is spent by the government. Each chart will have its own
perspective on how to group the dispersals, of course. The War Resister's
League chart (from the mid-90s), for example, shows their perspective that we
spend about 53% of our dispersal on Military. The U.S. government chart from
the IRS booklet of that year shows 20% on National Defense.
8. federal debt and deficit/fiscal policy - I have a video about this from a
firing line debate (William F. Buckley and a panel). The kids liked it
(partly because they liked mocking William F. Buckley's accent), but we never
watched the whole thing. but it's good to hear economists battling over a
topic. There might be a more recent such debate available. This one is from
the early 90s, and it's about the enormous federal debt (that it looks like
we'll have again soon). I'm happy to lend it. Also, you can get free
materials from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Public Information
Department, 33 Liberty Street, New York, NY 10045.
9. trading stocks, futures, and options - The kids did enjoy trading stocks,
which we did OUTSIDE of class time. It took up a lot of time to look for the
companies they wanted, etc. This was a nice independent project. I did
actually charge them a service fee as their broker. I'm sure that by now you
probably have seen resources on doing this with young people.
10. welfare - I used an article from American Prospect called "Do Poor Women
Have a Right to Bear Children?" from Winter 1995. I think the Annual
Editions/Economics (mentioned below under Resources) also has stuff on this
11. agriculture - basic stuff on small farms/feedlots/etc. probably available
on the web pretty easily, and also the Univ. of Maryland Agricultural Dept
must have educational stuff on this.
12. solid waste disposal & recycling -- there are several entire journals
dedicated to this issue (I hope they all get recycled.) "Resource Recycling"
and "Recycling Today" are two. Maybe you can get a free sample just to see
what they're about. And, of course, try to visit a recycling plant.
13. health care - like welfare, I have some articles. Annual
Editions/Economics probably has some, too.
1. "The Power of Money" from National Geographic, Jan 1993 (I used a version
that I excerpted from this rather long article.)
2. Annual Editions/Economics - this is a collection of articles on various
topics related to economics that is published new each year (FYI, they have
volumes of these collected articles on about 50 different topics ranging from
Aging to World Politics). You can view the newest Economics edition at
Dushkin Publishing Group's webiste: www.dushkin.com/text-
3. The Mobil Corporation provided monthly flyers on relevant topics. The
flyer series is called "Critical Thinking About Critical Issues". I am
staring at one right now and can't find an address on it.. Try the Mobil
Corporation website! They're really well done and show all sides of the
4. Procter & Gamble had (and probably still has) an educational outreach
department that produced some stuff on Advertising and the Economy (they're
known for being a company that maximizes its advertising)
5. You can get reports like "State of the World's Children" from places like
1. I had every student interview the OWNER of a local business to learn about
their business and how it fit into the larger industry of which it was a
part. They presented these interviews to the class. Lots of writing is
involved (letter of introduction and request for interview and thank-you
2. You can have a "Hunger Banquet" (if you want, you can buy the "planning
kit" from Oxfam at www.oxfamamerica.org/publications/art1104.html The
description of the banquet is on the web site. It's an easy and fun way to
talk about resource distribution in the world. Oxfam also has educational
materials, and so will your local food banks, etc.
3. We always did the "Journey of a Shirt" thing. It's the description that
tells how a polyester/cotton shirt gets made, starting from the cotton fields
in El Salvador to the petroleum drilling sites in the Venezuela. the various
shipping routes, the assembly in Haiti, etc. Sweet Honey in the Rock put the
words to music in a song called "Are My Hands Clean?" The words are, I
think, available on the OxFam web site in their Hunger Banquet description.
4. We had trivial pursuit questions that I gave "prizes" for. stuff like (1)
what is the current unemployment rate? (2) what is the current inflation
rate? (3) what is the consumer price index? (3) what is the current total
amount of the US debt? (4) what is the total amount of the projected 2003
5. Weekly assignment: find an article in the newspaper about economics and
write a quick summary and reflection on it.
Yikes. I do have samples of the tests and quizzes I gave. They'd give a
better sense, I guess of the detail we went into for each topic. But, I
can't email them. I just have the hard copies. I can copy and mail some,
though. Feel free to contact me by email (email@example.com) if you want
to borrow stuff from me or talk about any of these resources, etc. BEST
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Warm air rises and cool air sinks. Convection is the action of warm air rising and cool air sinking. Bodies of warm air are forced to rise by approaching cold masses. Other things can also cause warm air to rise like mountain slopes.
1. Clear plastic container
2. Red food color
3. Blue ice cubes
4. Room temperature water
Fill the container 2/3 with room tem. water. Let the water stand for 30 seconds until completely . Add 2 blue Ice cubs to one end of the container very slowly and gently. Add two drops of red food coloring to the plastic container at the opposite end from where the funnel is taped. Be careful not to disturb the water. Slowly pour the blue water through the funnel,
The cold blue water sinks and the warmer red water rises. This is convection. This is how air behaves as well. Blue water represents a cold air mass; red water represents a warm, unstable air mass.
A thunderstorm is cased by unstable air and and convection plays an important part. A body warm air is forced to rise by an approaching cold front. A strong updraft of warm air creates cumulus clouds. The air cools as it rises, condenses, and forms clouds. As condensation occurs heat is released and helps the thunderstorm grow.
Air is mater and takes up space. Air has force and push on other things. We are surrounded by air and this air exerts pressure on us and all things. Air pressure is a big part of weather. Differences in air pressure causes changes in weather.\
1. Empty, clean soda can at least 3 because one demonstration is never enough
3. Pie tin
5. Cup of water
6. Ice cubes
Procedure Fill your pie tin half full of water. Add a couple ice cubes to make it colder. Place an aluminum can upside down in the water- this is the control test.
Remove the can and ass a few drops of water to the inside of the can Heat it for about 30=60 seconds. Carefully flip the can up side down in the water a second time and observe.
Why? The first time the can was inverted, the out side and in side pressures were equal. So nothing happened. As the can was heated , the air inside the can expanded and most of the air molecules escaped through the opening at the top. When the can was flipped over, we created a closed system- which means that the air couldn't get out. The air pressure out side the can is the same as before, pushing in on the can. However, the air pressure in side the can was less because there are fewer molecules left in side after escaping out the opening . The molecules don't take up the same amount of space in side the can. This created low pressure inside of the can and high pressure out side the can. The low pressure inside the was unable to push back against the high pressure outside the can. So the outside air pressure in side the can collapsed the can.
Adapted from Ditto Don't build Dendrites,1999 and used with permission
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Make a Cloud
4. stopper apparatus, with a red bulb
1. Add a couple of teaspoons of water to the flask.
2. Close the flask with the stopper apparatus.
3. Shake the bottle to coat the sides with the water.
4. Open the flask, Light a match and tilt it inward so that some of the smoke goes
into the flask . Drop the match into the flask. It will extinguish itself in the water.
5. Quickly close the flask with the stopper apparatus.
6. Squeeze the red bulb and release: this will increase the pressure inside the flask.
When you release, you will see a cloud form. Cool !!!
WHY? The smoke adds the cloud condensation nuclei to the flask. Squeezing the bulb increases the pressure inside the flask quite a bit. The higher pressure forces the water vapor to return to its liquid state. However, when you release the bulb, the pressure drops suddenly, forcing the water to go from liquid to vapor again. And this time, it condenses on the floating smoke particles that were introduced, to form the cloud.
Weather Exploration station page 28 used by permission.
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Discover how the Ancient Egyptians used drying as one step in the mummification process
What You Need
1 popsicle or craft stick
1 medium-sized plastic bags that seals
Natron Solution: 1/4 cup table salt, 1/2 cup sodium carbonate (powder bleach), and 1/2 cup baking soda
Stir together--this makes enough to do one apple. You may maximize this recipe as necessary
To Do and Observe
Make the Natron solution (recipe above) in the plastic bag. Carve a face into the apple with the popsicle stick then stick the popsicle stick into the apple so you have a handle (like you were making a candy apple). Dip the apple into the Natron Solution until the face is covered, and leave the apple in the bag. Safety precautions: do NOT eat the apple or the Natron Solution; wash your hands after the activity and don't touch your eyes or mouth until you wash your hands. You might want to wear plastic safety goggles. Leave the bag open in an upright position to allow air to flow. Record your observations as your apple mummifies. What happens to the apple once it is covered with the Natron Solution? How much time does it take for the apple to turn into a "mummy"?
What's Going On The Natron Solution dries the apple just as it would dry a human body to make a mummy. By eliminating moisture, you have eliminated the source of decay. Natron is made up of four salts: sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, sodium chloride, and sodium sulfate. The sodium carbonate works as a drying agent, drawing the water out of the body. At the same time the bicarbonate, when subjected to moisture, increases the pH that creates a hostile environment for bacteria.
Parent/Teacher Tips The mummification of the apple may take up to two weeks. Other suggestions for the mummification process: try using chickens or game hens. Adjustments would have to be made to the amount of Natron Solution used and the time allotted for the experiment. The Ancient Egyptians believed that mummification was necessary for eternal life. The soul needed a body to which to return. Challenge your children to research the afterlife beliefs of the Ancient Egyptians. Also challenge your children to research other cultures that practiced mummification. What other substances did the Ancient Egyptians use to make mummies? How did the Ancient Egyptians discover Natron? How long does it take for your apple to be mummified? What changes to the apple did you observe during the mummification process?
Contributed by: Putnam Museum of History and Natural Science
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